Occupational Therapy for Schizophrenia Patients in Increasing Independence in Daily Living Activities at X Mental Hospital


  • Fhernando Allika Fadia Haya Dr. Suharto Heerdjan Hospital
  • Marisca Agustina Indonesia Maju University




daily living activities, independence, occupational therapy


Background: Occupational therapy is a therapy that helps someone master fine motor skills better. Occupational therapy is carried out to help strengthen, improve coordination and muscle skills to train motor skills.

Objective: This research aims to identify the effect of occupational therapy on schizophrenia patients to increase independence in daily living activities.

Method: Experimental research using pre-experiment design with pre-test and post-test research design. The sample in this research was 15 respondents with a sampling technique using Total Sampling. Data collection techniques use observation and interviews. The collected data was then processed and analyzed using the paired t-test statistical test.

Results: Based on the pre-test results, the mean (average) value before was 5.067 and after was 9.133, the median value before was 5 and after was 9, the minimum value before was 2 and after was 7 and the maximum value before was 9 and after was 11 This shows that there is a comparison before and after carrying out occupational therapy training for the independence of occupational therapy patients in the Turtledove room at DR Mental Hospital. Suharto Heerdjan Jakarta in 2021. Statistical tests show that a p-value of 0.000 means P<0.05.

Conclusion: There is an influence of occupational therapy on the independence of daily living activities in schizophrenia patients at Dr. Suharto Heerdjan Hospital.